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广东揭阳市三所中学2022-2023学年高二下学期4月期中联考英语试题(含参考答案)

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揭阳市 2022-2023 学年度高二级下学期三校联考 英语科试题 (考试时间: 120 分;满分: 120 分) 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 37.5 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A 、 B 、 C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A The Nobel Prize has been awarded to women 60 times between 1901 and 2022.These women have made outstanding contributions to the worlds of medicine,science,literature and so on.Here are four of them. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin Award:Nobel Prize in Chemistry Year:1964 Dorothy Hodgkin was a British chemist whose interest in research began when,as a child,she received a chemistry book containing experiments with crystals.She studied at Oxford University and developed protein crystallography,which advanced the development of X-rays.This earned her the Nobel Prize. Gertrude B.Elion Award:Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Year:1988 Gertrude Elion won the Nobel Prize for her discoveries of important principles for drug treatment.Elion had watched her grandfather die of cancer,so she decided to fight the disease throughout her life.Elion,together with George Hitchings,with whom she shared the award, created a system for drug production that relies heavily on biochemistry. Toni Morrison Award:Nobel Prize in Literature Year:1993 Toni Morrison,whose book"Beloved"earned her the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award,was the first Black woman to ever receive the Nobel Prize in Literature.Born in Ohio, Morrison was a writer whose works are mostly about life in the Black community.She taught writing and served as an honorary professor at Princeton University. Esther Duflo Award:Nobel Prize in Economics Year:2019 Esther Duflo shared her prize with her research colleagues Michael Kremer and Abhijit Banerjee,who is her husband.Duflo has spent much of her career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,where she earned her doctorate degree in 1999.Duflo and her partners were awarded the Nobel Prize for their approach to fighting poverty around the world. 21.What won Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin the Nobel Prize? A.Her book about crystals. B.Her contribution to X-ray development. C.Her research on medicine. D.Her discovery of a new protein crystal. 22.What do Toni Morrison's books mainly focus on? A.Educational issues. B.Community service. C.Writing techniques. D.Black American's life. 23.What do Gertrude B. Elion and Esther Duflo have in common? A.They won the Nobel Prize in the same year. B.They devoted themselves to fighting diseases. C.They shared the Nobel Prize together with others. D.Their life experiences committed them to their fields. B From cottages surrounded by impressive gardens to days spent exploring sandy beaches and deep woods filled with wildlife, in My Family and Other Animals, English writer Gerald Durrell provided a vivid account of his family's time on the Greek island of Corfu in the 1930s. Come for the arresting descriptions of Corfu landscapes and stay for Durrell's laugh-out-loud tales of his unusual family.This book,Durrell wrote humorously in the introduction,"was intended to be a nostalgic (怀旧的) account of natural history , but in the first few pages , I made the mistak e of introducing my family ." Durrell,later known for his zoo keeping and the preservation of wildlife,was just a child during his family's five-year stay in Corfu.He is 10-year-old Gerry in the book-curious, passionate about animals and a detailed storyteller of his strange family: his imaginative elder brother Larry with his literary ambitions,lovestruck sister Margo,sporty brother Leslie and his ever-calm,loving mother. Durrell's attention to detail is what makes the book so winning,with every sight,sound and smell of the island brought to life.One minute you'll be laughing as Larry's clever literary friends walk down to the daffodil-yellow cottage,the next you'll be catching your breath as Durrell describes swimming at night in the Ionian Sea:“Lying
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